Dental cavities (cavities in teeth) are holes in teeth. These cavities are caused by bacteria in the mouth. The bacteria bring change in the sugar in food you eat and produce acid. This acid attacks the enamel, the outer layers of teeth. Cavities may become bigger and deeper over time. Cavities if not treated destroy the teeth and even damage the nerves in its center.
Causes of dental cavities:
- Food and drinks that contain high amount of sugar can damage your teeth as bacteria in the mouth feed on sugar and produce acid.This acid dissolves enamel of the tooth.
- Saliva comprises water (90%), which acts as a defense against dental cavities. If the mouth is dry due to lack of saliva, your teeth becomes more prone to cavities.
- A simple bite guard or night guard can help curing tooth grinding. This minimizes the risk of cavities.
Signs of dental cavities:
- Tooth pain.
- Sensitivity of teeth.
- Visible holes on the your tooth or teeth.
- Tenderness in teeth when eating sweet.
- Hot or cold food.
- Pain when you bite.
Prevention of dental cavities:
- Brush and floss regularly to prevent the build-up of plaque.
- Visit dentist regularly.
- Keep a check on your daily diet.
- Avoid sugary and starchy foods.
- Use a toothpaste that has an appropriate amount of fluoride.